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通过联想学英语

发表作者:million 发表时间:2008-09-24

 当我们在学习基本语法和句法的同时,也开始学词汇,终身不停。

  学词汇的方法很多,学习效果也不同;有些方法的效果比较好,有些则差些。

  有个特别值得推荐的方法是“联想”。例如从“party”这个字,可以联想到其他的字,如:meeting, assembly, seminar, negotiation 等。

  现在看看下列 8 组字,如何凑在一起:

  ⒈下列 6 个动词的共同意思是“伤害”或“破坏”:

  damage, harm, hurt, impair, injure, mar

  ⒉下列 6 个动词的共同意思是“减少”:

  decrease, lessen, diminish, reduce, abate, dwindle

  ⒊下列 6 个名词的中心意思是“武装叛变”:

  rebellion, revolution, uprising, revolt, mutiny, insurrection

  ⒋下列 7 个名词都含有“边缘”之意:  edge, brink, brim, rim, verge, border, margin

  ⒌下列 7 个名词都含有“ 路”之意:  way, road , path , route, passage, street, aveune

  ⒍下列 7 个形容词都含有“著名”之意:   famous, renowned, celebrated, noted, distinguished, eminent, illustrious

  ⒎下列 7 个形容词都含有“快速”之意:

  fast, rapid, swift, quick, speedy, hasty, expeditious

  ⒏下列 9 个动词含“胜过”或“克服”之意:

  conquer, defeat, vanquish, overcome, beat, rout, surmount, subdue, overthrow

  上述 8 组字,每组都有个中心意思。在学习词汇时,若能将意思有关联的字词或习语摆在一起,通过联想来记忆,不但轻松而且还很有效。必须注意的是,虽然几个字有共同的意思,但是每个字在句子中的用法,难免会有些差别,不可不察。

  现在举个和“laugh”(笑)有关的动词,来说明这点。

  ① The President smiled(微笑) as he went past the crowd.

  ② His joke made us laugh(发笑).

  ③ The spectators jeered(嘲笑) when their team was defeated.

  ④ The audience roared with rage(暴笑如雷).

  ⑤ If you tease(揶揄) her again, she will get angry.

  ⑥ The pupils giggled(格格地笑) on seeing the teacher fall down.

  ⑦ The crowd booed(喝倒采) when the referee made a mistake.

  ⑧ The listeners hooted(轻蔑地叫喊) at the ignorant speaker.

  ⑨ Irene sat at a corner, chuckling(轻声暗笑) to herself.

  ⑩The naughty girl grinned(露齿而笑) in response to her mother's question.

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